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Grade: Pre-K-2 (and up)
Age: 2-7 (and up)
Written by: Julie Duell
[Julie is a retired art teacher and grandmother from Erina, NSW Australia]
From Julie Duell:
The focus is on sharing the experience with the child, working together with enthusiasm and a sense of fun. I have found
that repeating this exercise each week has resulted in shape recognition, counting, order, hand dexterity and creativity
in my 2 year old grandson, Kyan.
What You Need:
- play dough (recipe below)
- small rolling pin
- plastic cutters - circle, square, triangle & star (don't confuse things by adding more at first).
- plastic knife - round ended
- plastic mat to work on
- small muffin tray
- garlic press
Play Dough Recipe:
Combine above ingredients in a saucepan and cook over medium heat.
- 1 cup white flour
- 1 cup water
- food coloring (add drops until the desired color is reached)
- 1/2 cup salt
- 1 teaspoon vegetable oil
- 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
Make sure you stir the mixture constantly - or it will stick to the bottom of the pan.
When the micture starts to stick together in a nice ball, remove the pan from the stove.
Set the pan aside until the dough is cool enough to touch.
When cool, knead the dough on a floured or waxed-paper-lined board.
Store dough in small containers with lids. (Yogurt containers work well).
What You Do:
MAKING FRIENDS WITH THE DOUGH - Just play with it and watch your child. Maybe
they just want to pinch bit off and pile it up into a "castle". It's a good start.
When you feel they are ready for more... try some of the following:
- ROLLING - Roll the dough out flat together. Take turns.
- CUTTING - Use the cutters to cut out and remove the shapes. Try to let the child push
them through, and don't worry if they get a bit mangled! Name the shapes often.
Children love choices so always let them choose which one next! To start with
they might just point and later say the names of the shapes.
- COUNTING - Point to where the shapes should go in the muffin tin - always encourage
the child to place them top to bottom, left to right - so that they become used
to this method for later reading. Keep counting each time one is added.
- SAUSAGES - Show the child how to roll out a sausage using both hands.
If they need help, ask them first - don't just take over.
- CUTTING - Show how to cut up the sausage into segments. Do it together if the child
cannot produce enough pressure. Get them to hold the knife well down the
handle and put the forefinger along the top of the blade. You can then put your
hand over theirs to help if needed.
- BALL - Show how to roll a ball in the palms of your hands. Make one each and roll
them to each other.
- CREATE - Make up a doll using the basic shapes, adding "hair" pushed through the garlic
press. Press eyes in with a pen lid. Then use your imagination to encourage other
things - always on the watch for ideas coming from the child. A train with carriages
is a good one you can build together. Don't re-adjust if they put the wheels on in
funny places - it is more important to build their confidence than produce masterpieces!
►More Sculpture Lessons
Mudworks: Creative Clay, Dough, and Modeling Experiences
by MaryAnn F. Kohl
"Preschoolers, art teachers, adventurous parents, and most anyone who likes to play in mud, peanut butter, playdough, papier-mache, and similar mediums will be ecstatic over Kohl's book. There are more than 100 recipes for dough, plaster, clay and other modeling mixtures that can be used for just plain fun or serious art." -- ALA Booklist.
© Julie Duell & KinderArt®
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