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SPECIAL KIDS
"Treat people as if they were what they ought to be and you help them become what they are capable of being." -Goethe, philosopher

ART FOR CHILDREN & ADULTS WITH DISABILITIES

Special Artists

KinderArt® features many activities and lesson plans which have proven successful with children and adults with disabilities. In order to help those who work with special children and adults, we have listed a few appropriate activities here in one place. In addition, at the bottom of this page, we have provided you with links to resources specifically designed for children and adults with special needs.

If you have some ideas/tips to share, please send them to us by using the form found here.

Lessons

Depending on their level of ability, children and adults with disabilities will be able to attempt the following activities. You are the best judge of what the people in your care are capable of. Remember to always have patience and encourage students to do ask much as they can on their own. There is a tremendous amount of satisfaction that comes with being able to complete tasks on your own - always keep that in mind. The key is to keep levels of ability in mind at all times and remember to be supportive - every step of the way. For those with visual impairment, tactile activities are imperative (clay, masks, puppets, etc.)

Lessons:

Special Needs Links (Sites Outside of the KinderArt Network)

OMAC Consulting - The Organization and Management of an Autism Classroom)
http://omacconsulting.blogspot.com/

Art Ideas for Special Artists
http://www.edbydesign.com/specneedsres/specialart/index.html

Start with the Arts
http://www.vsarts.org/x577.xml

Teaching Special Kids: On-Line Resources for Teachers
http://www.education-world.com/a_curr/curr139.shtml

Learning Abilities Books
Explore educational resources for children, teachers, parents, and homeschoolers regarding regular and special education in Pre-K, K, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th grades.

Special Education News
News from Washington and around the country affecting preK-12 special education professionals of all types.

Art Ideas for Special Artists
http://www.edbydesign.com/specneedsres/specialart/index.html

GentleTeaching.com
Joanne Proctor is your contact for teaching material: joproctor@home.com

VSArts.org
http://www.vsarts.org/info/index.html

American Art Therapy Association
http://www.arttherapy.org/

Art Therapy Discussion Board
http://www.sofer.com/art-therapy/forum/

Special Education
http://specialed.about.com

National Institute of Arts and Disabilities
http://www.niadart.org/

Very Special Children

The following is an excerpt from KinderArt: Born to Create by Andrea Mulder-Slater and Jantje Blokhuis-Mulder

  • Whether your child is particularly active, hearing or visually impaired, or developmentally delayed, always point out the achievements that she makes. Always, always, always, focus on the positive and not on the concepts not yet mastered. You have all the time in the world.
  • Find yourself a support group by contacting other parents who are in the same situation as you. Find out what works for them. Share your triumphs and your failures too.
  • Remember at all times that special needs children do not misbehave on purpose. They want to please you. They want to feel important and worthwhile. Sometimes they may experience difficulty carrying out a task because they have too much energy or because they simply feel frustrated and cannot focus on the task at hand. Be patient and let them know that you are proud of their efforts.
  • Keep a record of your child's achievements. This way you will be able to easily recall the events and experiences that you both enjoyed the most. This will also help you to remember those activities which kept your child's attention and those which did not.
  • Do not overdo the rules. Flexibility is the rule. Think about it – how much fun can making a clay critter or painting a sunshine be if all you hear is, "Don't make a mess" and "Sit up straight."
  • Take lots of deep breaths.
  • Be fair and honest.
  • Don't worry if your child is not reading at the same level as his peers. Don't panic if your youngster doesn't speak or write as quickly as his brother did. If you do suspect that your child has a disability, contact your doctor and make sure the proper tests are carried out. Knowledge is half the battle.
  • All children will be able to take part in some sort of art-making activity. By doing so, they will feel an enormous sense of accomplishment and increased self-esteem. However, be sure to choose all activities carefully – gearing the activity to the ability of the child.
  • Make available lots of modeling materials like clay or homemade dough. This is true for visually impaired children as well as those who have limited fine motor control.
  • If your child is visually impaired, gather a variety of textures to experiment with - smooth papers, rough handmade papers etc.
  • Scented markers are always fun.
  • Have lots of "big paper" for large movements of the hands and arms.
  • Finger paint (bought or homemade) is a terrific tactile material.

  • Dance, dance, dance.
  • Building objects is a great way for kids to feel that they have accomplished something. Try bits of wood, mat board, cardboard etc. You can work as a team, gluing pieces together and in the end even your visually impaired children can feel their creations as they evolve.
  • Weaving is a great idea.
  • Making musical instruments or any art object that makes noise is great.
  • Drawing or painting in time to music is always a hit.
  • If your child is hearing impaired, expose him to musical instruments where he can "feel" the music. Allow him to experience the wind that blows from a woodwind and the vibrations of a guitar string or drum head.
  • Children with down syndrome respond especially well to music, as do youngsters with autism.
  • Try as much as possible to expose your kiddos to the things that make them happy - the things that make them laugh - the things that make them clap their hands and smile.
© Andrea Mulder-Slater, Jantje Blokhuis-Mulder

Good Books

Making Art Special
A guide to teaching art to children with cognitive and motor disabilities in a classroom or other setting. Includes over fifty, full color, illustrated lessons, with step-by-step instructions, as well as helpful information for creating your own lessons.


Art for All-II : The Practice : Developing Art in the Curriculum With Pupils With Special Educational Needs

Making Sense of Art: Sensory-Based Art Activities for Children with Autism, Asperger Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Special Artists Handbook: Art Activities and Adaptive Aids for Handicapped Students


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